There are 1785 small islands with a total population of approximately 20 million people, which leads to an average population of 11,040 people per island. Almost all of these islands run on diesel generator (genset) based minigrids to generate electricity. The International Renewable Energy Agency predicts that by 2030, at least 30% of the people living on islands will be without, or not have easy access to electricity. With electricity generation, these island population challenges are:
- volatile fossil fuel costs, which are most likely to increase in the long-run.
- estimated that they are burning 7.8 billion litres of diesel per year with more than 20 million tons of CO2 emission.
- costly transportation of diesel to the islands.
- Diesel generators can lead to blackouts and storms can damage them.
- Lack of electricity for more than 80% of day.
- Expensive maintenance by skilled technicians.
- Frequent power outages.
- Low voltage system, which causes overheating in the wiring